Managing multiple Scenes in Unity can be a challenge, and improving this workflow is crucial for both the performance of your game and the productivity of your team. Here, we share some tips for setting up your Scene workflows in ways that scale for bigger projects.
Most games involve multiple levels, and levels often contain more than one Scene. In games where Scenes are relatively small, you can break them into different sections using Prefabs. However, to enable or instantiate them during the game you need to reference all these Prefabs. That means that as your game gets bigger and as those references take up more space in memory, it becomes more efficient to use Scenes.
You can break down your levels into one or multiple Unity Scenes. Finding the optimal way to manage them all becomes key. You can open multiple Scenes in the Editor and at runtime using Multi-Scene editing. Splitting levels into multiple Scenes also has the advantage of making teamwork easier as it avoids merge conflicts in collaboration tools such as Git, SVN, Unity Collaborate and the like.
Managing multiple Scenes to compose a level
In the video below, we show how to load a level more efficiently by breaking the game logic and the different parts of the level into several distinct Unity Scenes. Then, using Additive Scene-loading mode when loading these Scenes, we load and unload the needed parts alongside the game logic, which is persistent. We use Prefabs to act as “anchors” for the Scenes, which also offers a lot of flexibility when working in a team, as every Scene represents a part of the level and can be edited separately.
You can still load these Scenes while in Edit Mode and press Play at any time, so that you can visualize them all together when creating the level design.
We show two different methods to load those Scenes. The first one is distance-based, which is well suited for non-interior levels like an open world. This technique is also useful for some visual effects (like fog, for instance) to hide the loading and unloading process.
The second technique uses a Trigger to check which Scenes to load, which is more efficient when working with interiors.
Now that everything is managed inside the level, you can add a layer on top of it to better manage the levels.
Managing multiple levels within a game using ScriptableObjects
We want to keep track of the different Scenes for each level as well as all the levels during the entire duration of the gameplay. One possible way of doing this is to use static variables and the singleton pattern in your MonoBehaviour scripts, but there are a few problems with this solution. Using the singleton pattern allows rigid connections between your systems, so it is not strictly modular. The systems can’t exist separately and will always depend on each other.
Another issue involves the use of static variables. Since you can’t see them in the Inspector, you need to change the code to set them, making it harder for artists or level designers to test the game easily. When you need data to be shared between the different Scenes, you use static variables combined with DontDestroyOnLoad, but the latter should be avoided whenever itContinue reading