Paid Sick Leave Laws by State: The Chart, Map, & Accrual Info You Need

Typically, employers get to choose whether they want to offer types of paid time off, like sick leave, to employees. But depending on your business location, you might not have a choice. Little by little, paid sick leave laws by state are on the rise.

If your employees work in a state with mandatory sick leave, you must comply. But to remain compliant, you have to know about the state sick leave law in the first place.

So, what states have paid sick leave? Can cities set paid sick leave laws? Read on for the information you need to keep things legal in your small business.

What do paid sick leave laws do?

When your employees have the flu, the last thing they want to do is get out of bed and work. Not to mention, you probably don’t want them to infect everyone at your business.

Paid sick leave laws help circumvent these types of issues.

Sick leave is time off an employee can take if they or a family member are sick. With paid sick leave, the employee receives the same wages as if they worked.

Currently, there is no federal sick leave law (except for the temporary COVID-paid leave law under the Families First Coronavirus Response Act). However, 14 states and Washington D.C. provide (or will soon provide) state sick pay beyond temporary COVID laws.

State sick leave laws ensure that all businesses covered by the law provide paid leave to sick employees.

Generally, paid sick leave laws by state specify information like accrued time off rates, maximum accrual limits, and which employers must follow the law. Employers can choose to go beyond the state’s requirements (e.g., letting employees accrue more time than the accrual limit).

Paid sick leave laws by state

So, are you responsible for paying your employees when they’re out sick? If your business is located in a state with paid sick leave laws, the answer is yes.

The following have or will soon implement state leave laws (click on the state to learn more):

Again, state paid sick leave laws can differ. One of the main differences between state laws is how quickly employees can accrue paid sick leave.

However, all states allow employers to “front-load” sick time. Front-loading means that employers give employees their paid sick leave hours in one lump sum at the beginning of the year.

Ready to learn more about sick leave laws by state? Each of the following sections details important information about the law, including:

Which employers must follow the law What employees can use paid sick leave for The accrual rate and cap How long employees must wait to use earned time What happens to accrued and unused paid sick leave Where to go for more information Arizona

Arizona’s paid sick leave law is under the Fair Wages and Healthy Families Act, which was established in 2017.

Eligible employers

All Arizona employers are subject to paid sick leave laws, including small business owners. However, employer size affects the maximum accrual limit.

Paid sick leave use

Employees can use earned paid sick leave when seeking medical care or dealing with a mental or physical illness, injury, or other health condition.

Arizona employees can use their paid sick leave to care for family members, too. Under Arizona law,

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